NASA lunar mission: In 2009, NASA sent a rocket crashing into the moon’s South Pole, spewing a plume of debris that revealed vast reserves of ice beneath the barren lunar surface, the space agency is racing to pick up where its little-remembered project left off. About the LCROSS (Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite) Mission:
Results of LCROSS (Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite) Mission:
- The Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) was a robotic spacecraft operated by NASA.
- The mission was conceived as a low-cost means of determining the nature of hydrogen detected at the polar regions of the Moon.
- Launched immediately after discovery of lunar water by Chandrayaan-1, the main LCROSS mission objective was to further explore the presence of water ice in a permanently shadowed crater near a lunar polar region.
- The lunar soil within shadowy craters is rich in useful materials, such as hydrogen gas, ammonia and methane, such as sodium, mercury and silver.
Benefits of finding Hydrogen on the lunar surface:
- It was successful in confirming water in the southern lunar crater Cabeus.
- Hydrogen found at the lunar poles belongs to crystals of water ice.
Read More: India’s Most Ambitious Space Mission | ISRO Gears Up For Chandrayaan-2 Mission
- Millions of tons of frozen water, enough to make it an effective oasis for explorers venturing away from Earth.
- Presence of hydrogen on the lunar surface represents fuel, water and air for human sustenance.
- Possibility of agriculture is enhanced with the presence of hydrogen that could be harvested from the soil.