Recently Solar Orbiter, a new collaborative mission between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA to study the Sun was launched.

About Solar Orbiter Mission: 

  • It is a seven-year mission.
  • it will observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes and capture observations in the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft.
  • It will take Solar Orbiter about two years to reach its primary science orbit.
  • The Solar Orbiter is equipped with 10 scientific instruments, including tools to measure the electromagnetic characteristics of the solar wind, the stream of charged particles flowing from the sun.
  • In-situ instruments will measure the environment around the spacecraft, detecting such things as electric and magnetic fields and passing particles and waves. 
  • It will provide information about the Sun’s 11-year solar cycle and its periodic outpouring of solar storms.
  • The remote-sensing instruments will image the Sun from afar, along with its atmosphere and its outflow of material, collecting data that will help scientists understand the Sun's inner workings.
  • Solar Orbiter will begin the primary phase of its mission – leading up to its first close pass by the Sun in 2022,