In News: The month long Nagoba jatara festival concluded in Telangana’s Adilabad district in february.
About Nagoba Jatara
- It is an annual tribal festival celebrated by the Mesaram clan of Gond tribes who assemble at Keslapur village temple in Adilabad district of Telangana from other parts of the state and from Maharashtra , Karnataka, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Jharkhand.
- It is the second largest adivasi festival in Telangana after Sammakka Sarakka Jatra which is a biennial festival organised at Medaram.
- The members of the Meshram clan perform holy rituals to the sacred deity of Nagoba during the Jatara.
- Before the puja, Gonds purify the temple with Ganga jal or Godavari water from a spot called Hastina Madugu which is believed to be the site where Nagoba deity quenched his thirst after consuming naivedyam.
- An important part of the celebrations is called ‘bheting’, through which new brides are incorporated into the clan. All those who are married into the clan during the last year need to meet clan deities through Bheting to be able to enter the deity’s temple.
- Gusadi dance performed by Gondi dancers during the celebrations is a major attraction.
- The thanksgiving and the ceremony of betel (which involves performance of martial arts using swords) marks its conclusion.
- These are one of the largest tribal groups of India numbering over 13 million, spread across various states in the mainland.
- They are subdivided into several regional clans and speak mostly Gondi language (According to census 2011 recorded about 2.98 million Gondi speakers) which is a part of the Dravidian group of languages.
- Madhya Pradesh has the largest population of Gondi people.
- They are designated as Scheduled tribes in most of the states.