museum-collections-of-india

Keeping in view the 21-day lockdown enforced in the country, various museums of the country have opened up to showcase prestigious collections.

Museums

Collections

National Gallery of Modern Art, Delhi

  1. Amrita Sher-Gil 
    1. Bride’s Toilet and Self Portrait
  2. Jamini Roy
    1. Mother and child and Santhal Dance
  3. Rabindranath Tagore
    1. Lady With Flowers

About the collections :

  • The collection is also divided as per the medium and the period.
  • It also houses prominent art collectives of India, including the British portrait painters and miniaturists who travelled to India, including Thomas Daniell and Emily Eden.

Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Mumbai

  • It houses the fine and decorative arts of the 19th century that highlight art practices in the erstwhile Bombay Presidency, along with dioramas, maps, lithographs and photographs.

National Museum, Delhi

  • The online exhibitions by the museum include Art of Calligraphy, featuring Arabic and Persian inscriptions on objects.
  • It also includes Nauras: The Many Arts of the Deccan,Pottery from Ancient Peru.

Nauras: It celebrates the rich arts and composite cultures of the Deccani Sultanates that flourished in peninsular India from the 15th to the 18th centuries. 

Victoria Memorial Hall

  • In addition to it, there are works from Thomas Daniell and his nephew William Daniell, who travelled across India and documented its landscapes, buildings and people, from 1786 to 1793. 
  • There is a section titled India includes Abanindranath’s iconic Bharatmata, and another section celebrates the building in marble envisaged by Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India from 1898 to 1905.

Bharat Mata

  • Bharat Mata is an art work painted by Abanindranath Tagore in 1905.
  • Bharat Mata was depicted as a women in the style of Hindu Goddess with following details
    • Saffron clad woman
    • Her four hands
      • Holding a book
      • Sheaves of paddy
      • A piece of white cloth 
      • A garland 
  • The image focuses on the depiction of Mata, which is a figure of respect and reverence in the society.
  • However, this image has no religious component and is more integral and non-sectarian as far as its ideological bent is concerned.

Important Events during the tenure of Lord Curzon (1899-1905)

  1. Appointment of Police Commission (1902) under Sir Andrew Fazer
  2. Appointment of Universities Commission (1902) and passing of Indian Universities Act (1905)
  3. Establishment of Department of Commerce and Industry
  4. Calcutta Corporation Act (1899)
  5. Partition of Bengal (1905)
  6. Younghusband’s Mission to Tibet (1904)

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya

  • The collection looks at the story of Indian textiles through sculptures, paintings from the Ajanta caves, cloth pieces, folios from manuscripts and photographs. 
  •  Another collection gives an insight into the Natural History section of the museum. It features several mammals, birds, reptiles and fishes. 
    • Most of the specimens were collected by well-known ornithologist Salim Ali and mammalogist SH Prater.

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