A study by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has said that the targets framed by the Centre to tackle malnutrition and stunting under Poshan Abhiyaan Targets are ‘aspirational’, and many Indian states are running behind and may not be able to achieve them. More about the report
- The estimates are part of the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990–2017, published in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health and also released by ICMR on 18 September.
- The study was conducted by the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative - a joint initiative of the ICMR, Public Health Foundation of India and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in collaboration with the ministry of health and family welfare.
- The study presented trends and estimates of disease burden caused due to child and maternal malnutrition in India between 1990 and 2017.
- Some of the states, which have reported the worst cases to include Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Assam, and Tripura.
- Apart from Poshan Abhiyaan Targets, the study claimed that malnutrition trends between 1990 and 2017 show that the country may also miss global targets for 2030, set by the WHO and UNICEF.
- The report suggested the need for higher rates of improvement and for setting ‘bold’ yet 'achievable' targets for 2030.
Also read: Rethinking KUSUM – Kisan Urja Suraksha Evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan National Nutrition Mission
About Poshan Abhiyan Targets
● POSHAN Abhiyaan Targets (National Nutrition Mission) was launched on 8th March 2018 by the Prime Minister in Jhunjhunu.
● It is a flagship program of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), Government of India.
● It aims to integrate various programmes like Anganwadi Services, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) of MWCD Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), National Health Mission (NHM), Swachh-Bharat Mission, Public Distribution System (PDS), Department Food & Public Distribution, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) etc.
● The Mission aims to improve the nutritional status of children ( 0-6 years), Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women, and Lactating Mothers within a time frame for the next three years beginning 2017-18.
● The Abhiyaan targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
● The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.