Context: A report submitted to the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) in 2016 had recommended the de-listing of Wagon Tragedy victims and Malabar Rebellion leaders Ali Musliyar, Variyam Kunnath Ahmad Haji.

The Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) is an autonomous body of the Ministry of Education (Earlier called Ministry of Human Resource Development) 

  • The body has provided financial assistance to historians and scholars through fellowships, grants, and symposia.

Mopillah Rebellion

  • The Moplah Rebellion is a part of the Khilafat Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and the Ali Brothers in 1921-22.
  • The revolt took place in Kerala’s Malabar and involved the Moplah or Mappila Muslims of the region.
    • The Malabar region consisted of Palakkad, Malappuram, Wayanad, Kasargone, Kozhikkode and Kannur which was part of the then Madras Presidency.
  • Mappilah peasantry had waged revolt against the predominantly Hindu landlords of British Malabar and the colonial administration.
  • The Mappilahs, under the leadership of cleric Ali Musliyar and Variyam Kunnath Kunjahammed Haji (V K Haji), captured the taluks of Eranadu and Valluvanadu from the British and established their own rule. 
  • After a short period, the British suppressed the rebellion.
  • Mahatma Gandhi distanced himself from the rebels as they engaged in communal violence against the Hindus.


Wagon tragedy

  • On November 21, 1921, Mopillah rebel farmers herded into a windowless wagon without food and water to be transported to the Coimbatore prison.
  • By the time the train chugged a distance of 140 km into Podanur, 70 farmers had suffocated to death. 
  • This horrific incident came to be called the Jalian Wallabagh of the South. In 1972, the Kerala Government called it the Wagon Tragedy.
Image Source: Indian Express