Context: The Bonnet macaque population in Thrissur, in Kerala, is caught with a disease and 11 animals have died so far.
More on news:
- Though it was initially suspected that the monkey deaths were due to Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD), but the samples tested negative at the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune.
- Veterinary experts suspect that a sexually transmitted disease might have broken out among the monkey population.
- All the dead ones were found to be females in the breeding age group.
- An alpha male, which would have mated with the females, might have spread the disease among the population.
- The cause of disease is being investigated further.
Kyasanur Forest Disease
- Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) is a zoonotic disease It derives its name from the forest range in Karnataka where the virus was first isolated in 1957.
- It is also known as “monkey disease/monkey fever” because of its association with monkey deaths.
Mode of Transmission
- KFDV is transmitted by an infected tick, especially nymphal stage ticks.
- Humans can get the disease from an infected tick bite or by contact with an infected animal, such as a sick or recently dead monkey.
- Data does not suggest any human-to-human transmission.
- KFD is associated with sudden onset of high grade fever, prostration, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and occasionally neurological & haemorrhagic manifestations.
- Patients also may experience abnormally low blood pressure, and low platelet, red blood cell, and white blood cell counts.
Treatment and Prevention
- No specific treatment for KFD is available.
- However, prompt symptomatic and supportive therapy including maintenance of hydration, hemodynamic stability and management of neurological symptoms decreases morbidity and mortality.
- The State Government of Karnataka is following KFD vaccination policy in the KFD endemic area.
Image Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention