Context: A study commissioned by the Ministry of Rural Development has observed that the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana has not made “any significant impact” and based on current speed, will fail to achieve the desired purpose.
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- The study was part of the Fifth Common Review Mission (CRM) for “independent assessment” of the progress of various programs and schemes of the Ministry of Rural Development.
- In many chosen SAGY villages, MPs failed to give adequate funds for village development resulting in poor outcomes.
- Here poor devolution from Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) was witnessed.
- In Arood village of Khandwa district in Madhya Pradesh, the team found that out of 118 activities planned in 2014, only 60 percent were completed and the rest were pending due to paucity of funds.
- In some isolated regions where MPs played a proactive role - infrastructural development happened but not to a level to call it an Adarsh gram.
- The convergence of different schemes yielded better results like Convergence of MGNREGA with MPLAD has been done in SAGY village Tilkoja of Korba district (in Chhattisgarh).
- Since the launch of the scheme on October 11, 2014, only 1,855 gram panchayats have been selected across five phases, with only seven in Phase 5.
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana:
- It is a village development project launched by the Government of India in October 2014.
- Under SAGY, each Member of Parliament adopts a Gram Panchayat and guides its holistic progress giving importance for social development at par with infrastructure.
- The 'Adarsh Grams' are to become schools of local development and governance, inspiring other Gram Panchayats.
- By involving villagers and leveraging scientific tools, a village development plan is prepared under the leadership of a Member of Parliament.
- The distinct feature of this Yojana is that it is:
- Inspired by Society
- Based on People's Participation
- Targets: The first Adarsh Gram must be developed by 2016, and two more by 2019.
- From 2019 to 2024, five more Adarsh Grams must be developed by each MP, one each year.
- This implies that a total of 6,433 Adarsh Grams, of the 2,65,000 gram panchayats, will be created by 2024
- Identification of villages: MPs can select any gram panchayat, other than their own village or that of their spouse, to be developed as an Adarsh Gram.
- The village must have a population of 3000-5000 people if it is located in the plains, or 1000-3000 people if located in hilly areas.
- Lok Sabha MPs can choose a village from their constituency, and Rajya Sabha MPs from the state from which they are elected.
- Nominated members can choose a village from any district of the country.
- MPs that represent urban constituencies can identify a village from a neighboring rural constituency.
- Strategy to create Adarsh Gram from Identified Village:
- Energize and mobilize the community towards positive common action.
- Participatory planning exercise for identifying peoples' needs and priorities in an integrated manner.
- Converging resources from Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes and also other State schemes to the maximum extent.
- Repairing and renovating existing infrastructure to the extent possible.
- Strengthening the Gram Panchayats and peoples' institutions within them.
- Promoting transparency and accountability.
Image Source: Indian Express