The study stress lightning protection to prevent extinction of tribal communities such as Birhor, Pahadiya

  • Chotanagpur plateau is largely inhabited by tribes and it is located at the confluence of Jharkhand, Odisha, part of Chhattisgarh and West Bengal.
  • Recent observations confirms that it is the most lightning-prone area. The area is electrostatically and thermodynamically charged, resulting in lightning
  • For example, East Singhbhum has the highest number of lightning strikes, more than 2 lakh compared to any other district in India.
  • The tribes inhabiting this area need to be relocated to safer spaces, else their population will go extinct.
The study finds connection between lightning and climate change
  • The study finds that areas prone to heat waves were also prone to lightning.
  • Pollution increases aerosols in the atmosphere, which in turn increases lightning.
  • For example, in Jharkhand there have been at least two or three instances of lightning strikes without rainfall, killing people.
Briefing on other relevant information discussed by Sanjay Kumar Srivastava, the Chairperson at Climate Resilient Observing Systems Promotion Council, which prepared the lightning report, and Convener, Lightning Resilient Campaign Role of State government in disseminating the information Though states like Odisha, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh are doing this systematically, this is not done in many states, resulting in high casualties. A Case of Odisha: What other states should learn from them Odisha had the highest number of lightning strikes in four months, but fewer casualties than many other states whereas  Jharkhand, Bihar, UP saw less than a sixth of the lightning strikes but  witnessed more than a third (512) of deaths. Impact: Mayurbhanj, which saw 152 deaths last year, recorded only 17 this year