mass-hatching-of-olive-ridley-turtles

Context: Mass hatching of Olive Ridley turtles began at Odisha’s Rushikulya rookery, a major nesting site of these marine turtles.

More on news:

  • In the past few days, the eggs collected from sporadic nesting spots to be incubated at artificial hatcheries of the Forest department along this coast have also started to hatch.
  • Olive Ridley turtle eggs incubate on their own in the heat of the beach sand.
  • State preparedness: In order to protect the eggs from predators and humans, the Forest department had put up metal net fencing over 5 km from Gokharkuda to Bateswar, and the area was divided into 50 segments for regular watching.
  • Temperature Matters: They hatch in 45 to 60 days, depending on the temperature of the sand and atmosphere during the incubation period.
  • Minimal human intervention during the mass nesting, incubation period: The lockdown due to COVID-19 had stopped outsiders from reaching the spot.

 

Olive Ridley Turtle

olive ridleyolive ridley turtle

Image source: Wikipedia

  • The Olive ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
  • They are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.
  • The species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List, Appendix 1 in CITES, and Schedule 1 in Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  • The nesting sites in India
    • Gahirmatha  beach (Odisha)
    • Beach of Rushikulya River(Odisha)
    • Astaranga coast(Odisha)
    • Devi River mouth(Odisha)
    • Hope Island of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (Andra Pradesh
  • Major threats: Threats across their migratory route, habitat and nesting beaches, due to human activities such as unfriendly turtle fishing practices, development and exploitation of nesting beaches for ports, and tourist centers.


Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/mass-hatching-of-olive-ridley-turtles-begins-at-odishas-rushikulya-rookery/article31538323.ece

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