Context: Mass hatching of Olive Ridley turtles began at Odisha’s Rushikulya rookery, a major nesting site of these marine turtles.

More on news:

  • In the past few days, the eggs collected from sporadic nesting spots to be incubated at artificial hatcheries of the Forest department along this coast have also started to hatch.
  • Olive Ridley turtle eggs incubate on their own in the heat of the beach sand.
  • State preparedness: In order to protect the eggs from predators and humans, the Forest department had put up metal net fencing over 5 km from Gokharkuda to Bateswar, and the area was divided into 50 segments for regular watching.
  • Temperature Matters: They hatch in 45 to 60 days, depending on the temperature of the sand and atmosphere during the incubation period.
  • Minimal human intervention during the mass nesting, incubation period: The lockdown due to COVID-19 had stopped outsiders from reaching the spot.


Olive Ridley Turtle

olive ridleyolive ridley turtle

Image source: Wikipedia

  • The Olive ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
  • They are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.
  • The species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List, Appendix 1 in CITES, and Schedule 1 in Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  • The nesting sites in India
    • Gahirmatha  beach (Odisha)
    • Beach of Rushikulya River(Odisha)
    • Astaranga coast(Odisha)
    • Devi River mouth(Odisha)
    • Hope Island of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (Andra Pradesh
  • Major threats: Threats across their migratory route, habitat and nesting beaches, due to human activities such as unfriendly turtle fishing practices, development and exploitation of nesting beaches for ports, and tourist centers.


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