Manual scavenging

By admin March 28, 2019 17:08

Manual scavenging -Laws Dealing With Manual Scavenging Manual scavenging is defined as the manual cleaning of latrines or the disposal of human excreta. As per the 2011 Census, about 23 lakh pit latrines continue to exist in the country. Timeline of Government Initiatives

  • Before 1980, the Government concentrated on improving the working and living conditions of scavengers.
  • The focus was not on the core problem of converting dry latrines to pour flush latrines.

1981: Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Liberation of Scavengers 1. for conversion of existing dry latrines into low cost pour flush latrines 2. providing alternative employment to the unemployed scavengers 1992: Integrated Low-Cost Sanitation (ILCS) Scheme 1993: Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act The National Scheme for Liberation and Rehabilitation of Scavengers and their Dependents (NSLRS): for providing alternative employment to the liberated scavengers and their dependents. 2007: Self-Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS): To rehabilitate remaining manual scavengers and their dependents in new jobs. 2013: Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act

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Highlights of the Act It prohibits 1. the employment of manual scavengers, 2. the manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks without protective equipment, and 3. the construction of insanitary latrines. Provides for Rehabilitation of manual scavengers and alternative job.

  • The local authority, cantonment board and railway authority are responsible for surveying insanitary latrines within its jurisdiction.
  • Each occupier of insanitary latrines shall be responsible for converting or demolishing the latrine at his own cost.
  • Failing to do so, the local authority shall convert the latrine and recover the cost from the offender.
  • The District Magistrate and the local authority shall be the implementing authorities.
  • Offences under the Bill shall be cognizable and non-bailable.

Way out:-

  • The state should become more active in enforcing the law.
  • Faecal Sludge Treatment Plants (FSTP), which can be combined with Omni processors for safe treatment of waste.
  • For the task of cleaning the tanks, indigenous innovation in robotics can be used.

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By admin March 28, 2019 17:08