Context: The Lok Sabha passed the J&K Official Languages Bill, 2020 that seeks to include Kashmiri, Dogri and Hindi as the official languages in the newly created Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
More on news:
- Urdu will continue as the official language of JK along with English and three more will be added.
- There was a provision for an academy to promote Punjabi, Gojri and Pahadi.
- Demand for inclusion of more languages in list: Soon after the Union cabinet’s decision, different political and ethnic groups in J&K have demanded the inclusion of Gojri, Pahari and Punjabi in the proposed Bill.
- Before the reorganisation of J&K on August 5, 2019, only English and Urdu were the official languages in the former State.
- In 1889, Dogra ruler Pratap Singh adopted Urdu as the official language of the princely kingdom of J&K, replacing Persian which had enjoyed that status for more than three centuries.
- The same was carried forward by J&K’s constituent assembly while adopting the state constitution.
- Other UT examples:
- The Pondicherry Official Language Act, enacted in 1965, adopted Tamil as the official language, and Malayalam and Telugu as official languages in Mahé and Yanam regions of the UT, respectively.
- The assembly of the National Capital Territory of Delhi also enacted a law to adopt Urdu and Punjabi as second official languages of the UT.
- It is a member of the Indo-Aryan group within the Indo-European languages. Dogri is spoken by approximately 2.3 million people, most commonly in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
- It is one of the 22 official languages of India.
- The earliest written reference to Dogri (using the paleonym Duggar) is found in the Nuh sipihr (“The Nine Heavens”), written by the poet Amir Khosrow in 1317 ce.
- Dogri is descended from Classical Sanskrit.
- It is also known as Keshur or Koshur, belongs to the Northwestern group of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
- Kashmiri is one of the 22 official languages of India.
- It is the largest of the Dardic languages, and the only language in the Dardic group that boasts an early literary tradition.
- It is spoken primarily in the Jammu and Kashmir state of India.
- According to the 2001 census, it has 5.4 million speakers in India, with a total total of about 5.6 million speakers
Image source: https://www.dailyexcelsior.com/