lok-sabha-nod-for-bill-extending-scst-quota-in-state-legislatures

The Lok Sabha passed the Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill, 2019. The bill has a provision to continue the reservation of seats for the SC/ST for another 10 years, till January 25, 2030.

Constitutional Provisions:

  • Under Article 334, these communities were given reservation in the legislature for 70 years, till January 25, 2020.
  • Parliament has 79 and 40 seats set aside for SCs and STs, respectively. 
  • In-state assemblies across India, there are 614 SC members and 554 ST members.
  • Article 334 of the Constitution had originally required the reservation of elected seats to cease in 1960, but this was extended to 1970 by the 8th Amendment. 
  • The period of reservation was extended to 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 by the 23rd, 45th, 62nd, and 79th Amendments respectively. 

Benefits of the ST/SC quota in legislatures:

  • It gives an opportunity for equal representation
  • The parliamentary/state legislative Constituency is reserved as per the presence of a majority of the ST or SC population. 
  • To build a new political leadership of the ST/SC communities.
  • It socially empowers marginalized society.  
  • The STs/SCs specific issues will get onboard to the parliamentary discussion. Eg. The passing of The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation is a testimony to this. 

Issues:

  • The reservation given to Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and the Anglo-Indian community for the past 70 years is to end on January 25, 2020.
  • A similar reservation in the form of “nomination” for the Anglo-Indian community in Lok Sabha and state assemblies is not being extended.

Also readCreamy Layer: The Sc/St Reservation

Creamy Layer in SC-ST Reservation for Promotion

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