What is Liquid Nano Urea?
- Liquid Nano urea is indigenous type of Urea.
- This urea is in the form of nanoparticle.
- It is a liquid nutrient to provide nitrogen to plant which act as alternative to conventional type of urea.
- Urea is chemical nitrogen fertilizer, which is white in colour and provides nitrogen to plant in artificial manner, as nitrogen is major nutrient required by plants.
- It is developed so that conventional urea can be replaced and so that it can curtail the requirement of same by at least 50%.
- Liquid Nano urea contains 40000 mg/litre of nitrogen in 500 ml bottle which is equal to effect of nitrogen nutrient provided by 1 bag of conventional urea.
- It is aimed at reducing the unbalanced and undiscriminating use of conventional urea, so that crop productivity can be increased and reduction in pollution by soil, air and water can be reduced.
- This urea was first introduced by Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperatives Limited commonly known as IFFCO for the farmer’s across the world.
- About Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperatives Limited (IFFCO)
- It is one of the largest among the cooperative societies which if fully owned by Indian cooperatives.
- This cooperative society was established in year 1967 with only 57 cooperatives joining together.
- Till now total of 36000 Indian cooperatives with diversified business nature or interest such general insurance company, Telecom Company are manufacturing and selling fertilizers.
- Objective of Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperatives Limited (IFFCO)
- Its sole objective lies in the prosperity of Indian farmers , for them it provide timely supply of reliable , high quality agricultural inputs and services which are produced and are of environmental friendly nature .
- It is undertaking various other activities related to farmers so that their welfare can be done.
Significance of Liquid Nano Urea
- Improvising Plant Nutrition
- By use of Nano Urea, it is seen that this urea is more effective and efficient for plant nutrition, as a result of which production of crops with improved nutritional quality can be achieved.
- If the excessive use of urea in soil will be reduced, it will boost a nutritional program which is more balanced, in result of which crops will be stronger, healthier and lodging effect can be reduced.
- Lodging is the phenomenon by which plants bend over stems near ground, because of which harvesting process becomes tough , and there is reduction in yield.
- Improvement in Environmental condition
- If the use of Liquid Nano urea is increased, it will have a huge positive impact on quality of underground water.
- It will result into very significant reduction in global warming.
- It will have positive impact on climate change and sustainable development goals can be achieved.
- Help in Achieving aim of “Doubling income of farmers”
- If crop productivity and yield will increase, it will result in effectively
increasing farmer’s income.
- Warehouses and logistics cost will drastically decreased which will ultimately increase farmer’s income.
How Liquid Nano Urea is better than Conventional urea?
- More Efficient
- The efficiency of liquid Nano urea is about nearly 90% which is far better than conventional urea which is having efficiency of 25%.
- Due to the way in which conventional urea is applied to crops , it fails to achieve desired impact on crops as nitrogen in it is vaporised or lost as gas and lot of nitrogen is washed away during irrigation.
- Supply of Nutrient to crops in targeted manner
- Liquid Nano urea is directly sprayed on leaves and is easily absorbed by plants.
- Fertilisers which are in Nano form can be easily used for targeted supply of nutrients to crops, as when sprayed on leaves it get absorbed by stomata , pores found on epidermis of leaves.
- More Economical than Conventional Urea
- A bottle of Nano urea is more effective in nutrient content when compared to 1 bag of urea.
- The cost by which liquid Nano urea comes in market is around 240 rupees for half litre, which has no subsidy currently.
- While comparing it to 50 kg bag of urea which is heavily subsidized comes in the hand of farmers with around 300 rupees.