What is Liquid Nano Urea?

  • Liquid Nano urea is indigenous type of Urea.
  • This urea is in the form of nanoparticle.
  • It is a liquid nutrient to provide nitrogen to plant which act as alternative to conventional type of urea.
  • Urea is chemical nitrogen fertilizer, which is white in colour and provides nitrogen to plant in artificial manner, as nitrogen is major nutrient required by plants.
  • It is developed so that conventional urea can be replaced and so that it can curtail the requirement of same by at least 50%.
  • Liquid Nano urea contains 40000 mg/litre of nitrogen in 500 ml bottle which is equal to effect of nitrogen nutrient provided by 1 bag of conventional urea.
  • It is aimed at reducing the unbalanced and undiscriminating use of conventional urea, so that crop productivity can be increased and reduction in pollution by soil, air and water can be reduced.
  • This urea was first introduced by Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperatives Limited commonly known as IFFCO for the farmer’s across the world.
  • About Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperatives Limited (IFFCO)


  • It is one of the largest among the cooperative societies which if fully owned by Indian cooperatives.
  • This cooperative society was established in year 1967 with only 57 cooperatives joining together.
  • Till now total of 36000 Indian cooperatives with diversified business nature or interest such general insurance company, Telecom Company are manufacturing and selling fertilizers.
  • Objective of Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperatives Limited (IFFCO)
    • Its sole objective lies in the prosperity of Indian farmers , for them it provide timely supply of reliable , high quality agricultural inputs and services which are produced and are of environmental friendly nature .
    • It is undertaking various other activities related to farmers so that their welfare can be done.

Significance of Liquid Nano Urea

  • Improvising Plant Nutrition
    • By use of Nano Urea, it is seen that this urea is more effective and efficient for plant nutrition, as a result of which production of crops with improved nutritional quality can be achieved.
    • If the excessive use of urea in soil will be reduced, it will boost a nutritional program which is more balanced, in result of which crops will be stronger, healthier and lodging effect can be reduced.
    • Lodging is the phenomenon by which plants bend over stems near ground, because of which harvesting process becomes tough , and there is reduction in yield.
  • Improvement in Environmental condition
    • If the use of Liquid Nano urea is increased, it will have a huge positive impact on quality of underground water.
    • It will result into very significant reduction in global warming.
    • It will have positive impact on climate change and sustainable development goals can be achieved.
  • Help in Achieving aim of “Doubling income of farmers”
    • If crop productivity and yield will increase, it will result in effectively

increasing farmer’s income.

  • Warehouses and logistics cost will drastically decreased which will ultimately increase farmer’s income.

How Liquid Nano Urea is better than Conventional urea?

  • More Efficient
    • The efficiency of liquid Nano urea is about nearly 90% which is far better than conventional urea which is having efficiency of 25%.
    • Due to the way in which conventional urea is applied to crops , it fails to achieve desired impact on crops as nitrogen in it is vaporised or lost as gas and lot of nitrogen is washed away during irrigation.
  • Supply of Nutrient to crops in targeted manner
    • Liquid Nano urea is directly sprayed on leaves and is easily absorbed by plants.
    • Fertilisers which are in Nano form can be easily used for targeted supply of nutrients to crops, as when sprayed on leaves it get absorbed by stomata , pores found on epidermis of leaves.
  • More Economical than Conventional Urea
    • A bottle of Nano urea is more effective in nutrient content when compared to 1 bag of urea.
    • The cost by which liquid Nano urea comes in market is around 240 rupees for half litre, which has no subsidy currently.
    • While comparing it to 50 kg bag of urea which is heavily subsidized comes in the hand of farmers with around 300 rupees.