In news: Recently, The Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has issued operational guidelines for the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM Kusum) Scheme.

About KUSUM Scheme 

  • Aims and Objectives
    • The scheme aims to provide energy security along with financial and water security to farmers. It would encourage farmers to generate solar power in their farms and use the clean energy to replace their diesel water pumps. 
    • It targets to add decentralised solar power capacity of 25,750 megawatt by 2022.
  • Components of the scheme:
    • Component A: Under this component, renewable energy based power plants (REPP) of capacity 500 kW to 2 MW will be setup by individual farmers/ group of farmers/ cooperatives/ panchayats/ Farmer Producer Organisations (FPO)/Water User associations (WUA) on barren/fallow land. 
    • Component B: Under this Component, individual farmers will be supported to install standalone solar Agriculture pumps of capacity up to 7.5 HP for replacement of existing diesel Agriculture pumps / irrigation systems in off-grid areas, where grid supply is not available. 
    • Component C: Under this Component, individual farmers having grid connected agriculture pumps will be supported to solarise pumps. 

Benefits of the scheme:

  • Doubling farmer’s income: stable and continuous source of income to the rural landowners for a period of 25 years by utilisation of their dry/uncultivable land. 
  • Power to all: KUSUM would ensure that sufficient local solar/ other renewable energy based power is available for feeding rural load centres and agriculture pump-set loads, which require power mostly during the day time.
  • The scheme will also help the Discoms to achieve the RPO target.