Why in the news?
Karnataka has achieved the top rank in NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index, 2022, which determines innovation capacities and ecosystems at the sub-national level.
India Innovation Index (III)
- The release of the second edition of the index, the first was launched in October 2019 which demonstrates the Government’s continued adherence to recasting the country into an innovation-driven economy.
- The index endeavours to create an extensive and comprehensive framework for the continual evaluation of the innovation environment of 29 states and seven UTs in India.
- It plans to perform the following three functions which are-
- Ranking of states and UTs based on their index scores
- Recognizing opportunities and challenges, and
- Assisting in tailoring governmental policies to foster innovation
- The states have been sub-divided into three categories:
- various major states, northeast and hill states, and union territories/city-states/small states.
- The study analyses the creative ecosystem of Indian states and union territories.
- The purpose is to create a holistic means that can be used by policymakers across the country to recognise the challenges to be addressed and resilience to build on when designing policies.
Highlights of the 2022 index
- Karnataka has maintained this position, under the Major States category, in all three editions of the Index so far.
- It was followed by Telangana, Haryana, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
- Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar and Gujarat were at the footing of the index.
- Manipur secured the lead in the Northeast and Hill States category, while Chandigarh was the top performer in the Union Territories and the City States category in the released index.
India’s rank globally
- India is currently at 46th position internationally.
- India has ascended 2 spots and has been ranked 46th by the World Intellectual Property Organization in the Global Innovation Index 2021 rankings.
- India has been on a rising orbit, over the past several years in the Global Innovation Index (GII), from a rank of 81 in 2015 to 46 in 2021.
The India Innovation Index ranks states and union territories on the basis of innovation capabilities.