In News: A jockey in the annual buffalo race, Kambala has been compared with world record holder Usain Bolt after a video showing him clocking 100 metres in 9.55 seconds, went viral recently.
- Kambala is a traditional buffalo race generally taking place in the coastal Karnataka districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada (from November to March) in paddy fields filled with slush and mud.
- It was observed as thanksgiving to gods for protecting the animals from diseases.
- During the race, the racers try to bring the buffaloes under control by holding their reins tight and whipping them.
- In its traditional form, Kambala was non-competitive and buffalo pairs raced one after another in paddy fields.
- Traditionally, Tuluva landlords sponsor this race. Tuluva people are an ethnic group native to Southern India and are native speakers of the Tulu language.
- Kambala involves acts of cruelty on animals: Activists criticize that animals which are not physiologically suited for racing run in the race due to fear of being beaten.
- Violates the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act, 1960: As the tradition involves unnecessary pain to the animal amounting to cruelty.