To empower the National Population Stabilization Fund (NPSF), the Government of India has set up Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh (JSK).
- The Government of India had set up a National Population Stabilization Fund (NPSF) in the year 2004-05 with a one-time grant of Rs.100 crore in the form of a corpus fund. This is now known as Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh (JSK). This is an autonomous body registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- JSK can take all the policy-related decisions. It can raise contributions from organizations and individuals that support population stabilization. JSK implements two schemes, namely, Santushti and Prerna.
- Santushti is a strategy of Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh (JSK) for the highly populated states of India viz Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh & Odisha.
- Under this strategy, Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh invites private sector gynecologists and vasectomy surgeons to conduct sterilization operations in Public-Private Partnership model.
- According to this Scheme, an accredited private Nursing Home/ Hospital can sign a tripartite MOU between the State Health Society as 1st party, accredited private health facility as 2nd party and JSK as the third party.
- Upon signing the MOU, the private hospitals/nursing homes shall be entitled to incentive by JSK whenever it conducts 10 or more Tubectomy/Vasectomy cases in a month.
- The accreditation is done by the district and approved by the State Health Society.
- In order to help push up the age of marriage of girls and space the birth of children in the interest of the health of young mothers and infants, Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh (National Population Stabilization Fund) has launched PRERNA, a Responsible Parenthood Strategy in seven focus states namely Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Rajasthan.
- The strategy recognizes and awards couples who have broken the stereotype of early marriage, early childbirth and repeated childbirth and have helped change the mindsets of the community.
- In order to become eligible for award under the scheme, the girl should have been married after 19 years of age and given birth to the first child after at least 2 years of marriage.
- The couple will get an award of Rs.10,000/- if it is a Boy child or Rs.12,000/- if it is a girl child.
- If the birth of the second child takes place after at least 3 years of the birth of the first child and either parent voluntarily accept permanent method of family planning within one year of the birth of the second child, the couple will get an additional award of Rs.5,000/- (Boy child) / Rs.7,000/- (Girl child).
- The amount of award is given in the form of National Saving Certificate (NSC). The scheme is meant only for BPL families.