jalmani

Mission Statement

  • To provide value and quality addition to the ongoing Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme. This programme will be called by name “Jalmani”.
  • The centrally sponsored programme commenced in 2008-09 aimed at installing simple Stand Alone Water Purification Systems (SAWPS) in rural schools to enable school children to have access to safe and clean water. 
  • The focus was on tackling bacteriological contamination and turbidity in ongoing rural drinking water supply programme.

 

 

Allocation criteria, funding pattern and release of fund 

  • This is a 100?ntrally sponsored programme. 
  • The role of DDWS will be to provide funds to the State Governments on the basis of allocation criteria which will include the rural population (2001 Census) (80% weightage), the extent of DDP/DPAP/HADP areas (20% weightage). 
  • However, flexibility will be available with the Department to allocate more funds to the States which show better performance during the course of the implementation of the programme. 

Monitoring and Evaluation: In order to have proper monitoring of the programme and for better convergence with other centrally sponsored programme viz. SSA, NRHM, programme relating to women and children under ICDS programme etc, a high level monitoring Committee under the Chairmanship of Secretary, DDWS will be formed.

Convergence with National Rural Drinking Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Programme (NRDWQM&S) : This programme is an outcome of the NRDWQM&S which empowers rural community including schools to test their own water samples. 

The success of this programme will be measured by the improvement in the quality of water as established in the test results under the NRDWQM&S. 

Role of State Governments and Other Institutions under the State Government 

  • The scheme for installation of stand alone water purification system in rural areas including rural schools will be implemented by the State Governments or institutions nominated by the State Governments. 
  • Fund for this purpose will flow directly from the DDWS to the State Government Dept/Institution as selected by the State Government for this purpose. 
  • The capital cost of Stand Alone System will not exceed Rs. 40,000/- but the State will have flexibility to choose best technology options at reasonable price ranges
  • The capital cost of stand alone drinking water purification systems for 1000 litres per day output (@ 3 litres per capita per day) shall not exceed Rs 40,000/- and the cost of delivered water shall not be more than 3 paise Page 5 of 5 per litre,, however, in exceptional cases there could be relaxation in specific cases. 

Role of PRIs / Grassroots Organizations 

  • The Jalmani programme will be implemented by the State Governments through the Gram Panchayat/Village Water and Sanitation Committees/Self Help Groups including women Self Help Groups, School Committees and PTA. 
  • However, flexibility is given to the State Governments to involve other stake holders also viz., NGOs, Mahila Mandals etc for the sake of better implementation of the Programme at the village level. 

Concerns:

  • Significantly Low Functionality and Usage Of SAWPS (Supply, Installation, Functionality, Usage and Accessibility): The sample survey reveals that out of 320 schools visited, the SAWPS were supplied in only 314 schools (98%) and in six schools SAWPS were not supplied despite the schools’ names given in the physical progress list provided by the implementing agency. 
  • Reasons for SAWPS non-installation, dysfunctionality and non-usage: The reasons reported for SAWPS not being installed included poor performance of suppliers especially in Karnataka. 
  • Average Gap between Supply and Installation The average gap between supply and installation of SAWPS was of four months. Gujarat and Orissa have the average gap of five months while Uttar Pradesh and Meghalaya have two months of gap in supply and installation of SAWPS.

 

In Gujarat a well structured water quality monitoring mechanism is in place for overall village water supply. 

The district laboratories or Pani Samiti have been doing routine water test (pre monsoon and post monsoon). 

The Jalmani scheme is also integrated in the existing system. ‘Water Quality Coordinators’ at district level have tested the water in schools before installation. 

Way forward:

  • The implementing agency, under the leadership of its senior most officials shall play the role of sheet anchor for successful implementation of the Jalmani Programme. 
  • It should clearly have a structure and system in place with clear division of roles and responsibilities of various other stakeholders in this initiative. 
  • Dedicated resource: The implementing agency should make provision for dedicated resource for coordination of Jalmani Programme. 
  • Quarterly monitoring: After installation it is proposed the implementing agency conduct quarterly assessment of the status of SAWPS.  

The Jalmani programme may be converged with schemes like SSA, ICDS, SHHE. The education department shall consider mainstreaming the Jalmani programme in their existing schemes.