Context: Malayalam film Jallikattu, directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery, has been selected as India’s official entry for the Best International Feature Film category for the 93rd Academy Awards. 

  • Jallikattu is the third Malayalam film after Guru (1997) and Adaminte Makan Abu (2011) to be chosen as the country’s official entry for the Oscars.
  • Based on Novel ‘Maoist’: Based on writer S. Hareesh’s acclaimed story Maoist, the film that explores the human psyche follows a buffalo that escapes the butcher’s hold when he is about to slaughter it. The beast runs helter-skelter, leaving a trail of destruction in its wake.

Indians films who got nominated for Oscars: The Indian film to get nominated in the category, earlier known as the Best Foreign Language Film, are:

  • Lagaan in 2001
  • Mother India (1957) 
  • Salaam Bombay! (1988) 


  • It is a popular bull taming sport held during Pongal in Tamil Nadu.
  • The sport requires fighters to pounce on a running bull, try to hold on to its hump and move along with the animal without falling or getting hurt. 
  • In 2017, Tamil Nadu saw massive popular protests demanding that the Centre and the Tamil Nadu government take legal steps to hold jallikattu.
  • Dated tradition: An ancient reference to bull taming is found in a seal discovered at Mohenjodaro, which is dated between 2,500 BC and 1,800 BC. The sport was called Eru thazuval or “embracing the bull”.