Context: Jal Shakti Abhiyan is all set to combat the present health crisis and give a boost to the rural economy through its various components.
More about the news:
- This year owing to the COVID-19 emergency, and availability of large labour forces in rural areas, the Abhiyan has started gearing up for the impending monsoon.
- The central government issued a Joint Advisory to all the Chief Secretaries of all States/ UTs, in context with the impending monsoon this year and the preparations to be done for water conservation and recharge which is of utmost importance for our country.
- Encouraged by the response, a wider and more intensive strategy was planned for this year. But owing to the current health emergency, Central Govt officials will not be deployed in Abhiyan this summer.
About Jal Shakti Abhiyan:(Ministry of Jal Shakti, Government of India)
- Inspired by the central government’s impetus on Jal Sanchay, the Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) is a time-bound, mission-mode water conservation campaign.
- The JSA will run in two Phases:
- Phase 1 from 1st July to 15th September 2019 for all States and Union Territories; and
- Phase 2 from 1st October to 30th November 2019 for States and UTs receiving the retreating monsoon (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu).
- Focus areas: During the campaign, officers, groundwater experts and scientists from the Government of India will work together with state and district officials in India’s most water-stressed districts for water conservation and water resource management by focusing on accelerated implementation of five target interventions.
Water-stressed districts: Districts with critical or over-exploited groundwater levels as per the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) 2017. For states without critical and over-exploited groundwater levels, districts with the least availability of groundwater in comparison to the rest of the districts in the state have been selected.
- A mass movement: The JSA aims at making water conservation a Jan Andolan through asset creation and extensive communication.
- Stakeholders involved: Under this Abhiyan more than six and a half crore people became part comprising of State Govts, Central Govt, Civil Society Organisations, Panchayati Raj Institutions and Communities.
- Renovation and creation of infrastructure: More than seventy- five lakh traditional and other water bodies and tanks were renovated and around a crore water conservation & rainwater harvesting structures were created.
Jal Jeevan Mission(Ministry of Jal Shakti)
- The Central Government assistance to States for rural water supply began in 1972 with the launch of Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme.
- It was renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in 2009, which is a centrally sponsored scheme with fund sharing between the Centre and the States.
- The Government of India has restructured and subsumed the ongoing National Rural Drinking Water Programme(NRDWP) into Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
- It is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India i.e., Har Ghar Nal Se Jal (HGNSJ).
- The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting.
- The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission.
- JJM looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.