Details about the Jal Jeevan Mission

  • The Jal Jeevan Mission was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman during this year's Budget.
  • It aims to offer 43-55 liters of water per person per day to every rural Indian household by 2024 under its Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • The Shakti Ministry will work with states to ensure that every rural house gets water under the mission.
  • The Jal Shakti Ministry was formed by merging the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and Water Resources and Ganga Rejuvenation to deal with the drinking water crisis.
  • The mission also aims to create local infrastructure for rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge, and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
  • The mission will free women from the trouble of having to toil hard to fetch water.
  • A dedicated fund called Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh will be set up for the mission on the lines of Swachh Bharat Kosh which was set up to take care of the sanitation mission.
  • The scheme is likely to attract massive investments in the field of water and sanitation in the coming years.
  • The mission would cost around more than Rs.3.5 lakh crore in the coming years.
Why was it needed? Jal Jeevan Mission
  • Half of the country's households do not have access to piped water.
  • A Niti Aayog report predicts Day Zero for 21 Indian cities by 2020. Day Zero refers to the day when a place is likely to have no drinking water of its own.
  • According to the Composite Water Management Index of the Niti Aayog, 75 percent of households do not have drinking water on-premise and about 84 percent of rural households do not have piped water access.
  • According to a report by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), there has been a 61 percent reduction in groundwater levels in India between 2007 and 2017.
  • The World Health Organisation prescribes 25 liters of water for one person a day to meet all basic hygiene and food needs.
Way forward
  • Floodplains and forest aquifers can provide natural mineral water and unpolluted bulk water for our cities.
  • The Yamuna Palla floodplain scheme for Delhi in 2009 can be another solution to the problem of drinking water. This local and sustainable river floodplain scheme can provide water supply for hundreds of river cities in India.
  • Floodplains can be secured by planting organic food forests or fruit forests which don’t demand or consume much water.
  • Carving out lakes as suggested in the Jal Jeevan Mission should be done in such a way as to not affect the wetland ecology of the floodplains.
  • Also, forest underground aquifers can be tapped in to procure unpolluted drinking
  • All our cities within the Western and Eastern Ghats have such forest aquifers. The hills around Visakhapatnam can provide enough water for millions of people. Shimla has a forest mineral water sanctuary spread over nearby hill ranges.
  • However, these forest aquifers must be recharged regularly too.
  • At last, the Jal Jeevan Mission should not be a government initiative alone. Just like Swachh India Mission, this should also be a mission of the people.
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/modi-govt-to-offer-55-litres/day-assured-water-per-person-under-jal-jeevan-mission-report/articleshow/70886642.cms?from=mdr Read More Articles: The Composite Water Management Index 2.0 The Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2019