Jal Jeevan Mission

  • A new ministry called ‘Jal Shakti’ was created after merging Ministries of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation along with Drinking Water and Sanitation by Modi govt in 2019
  • The  ministry observes the  issues ranging from providing clean drinking water, international and inter-states water disputes, to the Namami Gange project.  
  • The ministry's aspiring plan (‘Nal se Jal’ scheme) to provide piped water connection to every household in India by 2024.
  • Launched in 2019 the Jal Jeevan Mission, aims to provide potable water of 55 litre per capita per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connection by 2024.
  • Funds are shared between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.
  • But there has been a 45% shortfall in financing the scheme by both the Centre and the States in its first year of 2019-20. Similar specimen was observed in 2020-21, Only 18% of households are currently covered.So, the Ministry is pitching for funds of Rs. 82,000 crore from the 15th Finance Commission for the project.
  • Release of  funds to the panchayats, so that they follow the five-year village action plans (VAP). 
  • Every village has to prepare a Village Action Plan (VAP) having which the three components:
  1. Water source and its maintenance
  2. Water supply and
  3. Grey-water (domestic wastewater) management.
  • The ministry has announced that the labourers returning to their home states due to covid-19, will be employed under Jal Jeevan Mission. Which is based on a community approach and includes extensive Information, Education and Communication as a key component of the mission.
  • The Ministry has sent directives to various States that returning labour, especially those working in the construction sector (skilled, unskilled and semi-skilled), may be employed for the  completion of various works under the scheme.


  1. This can generate employment to the currently unemployed force.
  2. This will be used as a way to improve some of the effects of the mass migration of inter-State workers back to their home due to COVID19.
  3. Creation of local infrastructure like rainwater harvesting, groundwater  recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse, would be done in coordination with other government programmes/schemes.