Jal Jeevan Mission
- A new ministry called ‘Jal Shakti’ was created after merging Ministries of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation along with Drinking Water and Sanitation by Modi govt in 2019
- The ministry observes the issues ranging from providing clean drinking water, international and inter-states water disputes, to the Namami Gange project.
- The ministry's aspiring plan (‘Nal se Jal’ scheme) to provide piped water connection to every household in India by 2024.
- Launched in 2019 the Jal Jeevan Mission, aims to provide potable water of 55 litre per capita per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connection by 2024.
- Funds are shared between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.
- But there has been a 45% shortfall in financing the scheme by both the Centre and the States in its first year of 2019-20. Similar specimen was observed in 2020-21, Only 18% of households are currently covered.So, the Ministry is pitching for funds of Rs. 82,000 crore from the 15th Finance Commission for the project.
- Release of funds to the panchayats, so that they follow the five-year village action plans (VAP).
- Every village has to prepare a Village Action Plan (VAP) having which the three components:
- Water source and its maintenance
- Water supply and
- Grey-water (domestic wastewater) management.
- The ministry has announced that the labourers returning to their home states due to covid-19, will be employed under Jal Jeevan Mission. Which is based on a community approach and includes extensive Information, Education and Communication as a key component of the mission.
- The Ministry has sent directives to various States that returning labour, especially those working in the construction sector (skilled, unskilled and semi-skilled), may be employed for the completion of various works under the scheme.
- This can generate employment to the currently unemployed force.
- This will be used as a way to improve some of the effects of the mass migration of inter-State workers back to their home due to COVID19.
- Creation of local infrastructure like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse, would be done in coordination with other government programmes/schemes.