In News: ITBP plans 10 more outposts on China front
- ITBP has proposed 10 additional border outposts in the Ladakh region near the china border to maintain a constant vigil.
- India is ramping up its infrastructure by establishing more border outposts and has increased its manpower and patrolling along the Line of Actual Control with China.
- A BOP has a strength of about 100 troops, meaning there has been a deployment of 2,500 soldiers. There are currently about 180 BOPs.
Additional information: Indo china border dispute: India china border management:
- By the beginning of the 21st century, the two sides had agreed not to let the border dispute affect bilateral engagements. This was inked into the Agreement on Political Parameters and Guiding Principles for the Settlement of the India-China Boundary Question signed in 2005.
- In the backdrop of the Doklam incident that Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Xinping met for an Informal Summit at Wuhan in China in April 2018 to review the bilateral relations.
- Wuhan spirit: Agreed to direct militaries to “earnestly implement various confidence-building measures agreed upon between the two sides, including the principle of mutual and equal security, and strengthen existing institutional arrangements and information sharing mechanisms to prevent incidents in the border region.
- There is no common Line of Actual Control (LAC) in border areas between India and China. The government takes up disputes along the LAC through mechanisms such as Border-Personnel Meetings, Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination (WMCC), and diplomatic channels.
- The WMCC (Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India–China Border Affairs) was established in 2012 as an institutional mechanism for consultation and coordination for the maintenance of peace and tranquillity in the India-China border areas.
- In 2001, the ‘Group of Ministers on review of border management’ gave many important recommendations. One of the major recommendations was the setting up of a separate Department of Border Management within the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- The Standing Committee on External affairs recommended that a comprehensive Border Engagement Agreement should be concluded, that subsumes these established mechanisms.