In News: Around 40 Irula families, a semi-nomadic tribe, spread across Villupuram district in Tamil Nadu do not even have a community certificate or possess any official document to avail public services.

More on News:

  • Over 72 years after India became an independent democracy, a number of people of the Irula community which falls under the Scheduled Tribe (ST) list and within 1% of the Tamil Nadu’s ST population, live without ever having voted in elections.

About Irula Tribe:

  • Irula are a Dravidian ethnic group inhabiting the area of the Nilgiri mountains, in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, India. 
  • Irular live in two south Indian states – Tamil Nadu and Kerala
    • In Tamil Nadu they live in the Nilgiris, Coimbatore, Erode, Namakkal, Salem and Dharmapuri. 
    • In Kerala they live in the Palakkad district and Attapady and Walayar panchayats.
  • People of Irula ethnicity are called Irular.
  • Along with their knowledge in medicine, their skill at capturing snakes, especially venomous ones, is almost legendary.
  • They are PVTG (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group) in Tamil Nadu .

About Irula Language:

  • Irula is a Dravidian language spoken by the Irulas who inhabit the area of the Nilgiri mountains, in the states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, India.
  • It is written in the Tamil script.