Context: Indian PM delivered a message at the initiation of ITER assembly meeting.
More on News:
- The occasion is virtually hosted by France.
- PM called ITER to be a perfect illustration of the age-old Indian belief - Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam - the entire world is working together for the betterment of Mankind
- India stands proud with its fair share of contributions in terms of cryogenic systems, multi megawatt power supplies and running diagnostic tests.
International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor:
- It is an international nuclear fusion research and engineering megaproject, which will be the world's largest magnetic confinement plasma physics experiment.
- It is an experimental tokamak nuclear fusion reactor that is being built next to the Cadarache facility in Saint-Paul-lès-Durance, in Provence, southern France.
- Objectives: It aims to create a plasma of 500 megawatts (thermal) for around twenty minutes while 50 megawatts of thermal power are injected into the tokamak, resulting in a ten-fold gain of plasma heating power.
- Thereby the machine aims to demonstrate, for the first time in a fusion reactor, the principle of producing more thermal power than is used to heat the plasma.
- Building necessary technical, organizational and logistical capabilities, skills, tools, supply chains
- Enabling management of such megaprojects among participating countries,
- Bootstrapping their local nuclear fusion industries.
- It was formed in 2007 and has 35 participants including India.
- The project is funded and run by seven member entities—the European Union, China, India, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States.
- Being a research reactor, thermal-to-electric conversion is not intended, and ITER will not produce sufficient power for net electrical production. Instead, the emitted heat will be vented.
- ITER's planned successor, DEMO is expected to be the first fusion reactor to produce electricity in an experimental environment.
- The DEMO phase is expected to lead to full-scale electricity-producing fusion power stations and future commercial reactors.
- A tokamak is a device which uses a powerful magnetic field to confine a hot plasma in the shape of a torus.
- The tokamak is one of several types of magnetic confinement devices being developed to produce controlled thermonuclear fusion power and is the leading candidate for a practical fusion reactor.
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