In News: The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom has released its International Religious Freedom 2019 report.

 Key Findings:

  • In the annual report the commission has recommended two designations namely countries of particular concern(CPCs) and entities of particular concern (EPCs) for engaging in or tolerating “systematic, ongoing, egregious violations.”
  • It recommended 16 countries under the CPC category including India, China etc.. and 5 entities under EPCs namely (ISIS), the Taliban in Afghanistan, al-Shabab in Somalia etc.
  • In India there has been an overall deterioration of religious freedom conditions in 2018 and it managed to remain among the tier 2 countries.
    • Tier 2 countries are those in which government has tolerated or engaged in “particularly severe religious freedom violations, meaning those are systematic, ongoing, and egregious  
  • In several countries where it found religious freedom declining, it also found an increased securitisation and politicisation of religion. 
  • Over the last decade Minorities conditions have deteriorated in the country. The reason is attributed to - 
    • extremist groups, anti-conversion laws, cow-protection groups, mob lynching,
    •  concerns that millions from Assam will be incorrectly left out of NRC (National Register of Citizen) and 
    • a denying registration to international NGOs.