indigenous-frontline-warships-surat-and-udaygiri-launched

Context-

Union Defence Minister, Rajnath Singh recently launched two frontline warships of the Indian Navy – ‘Surat’ and ‘Udaygiri’ - at Mazagon Docks Limited (MDL).

Highlights-

  • Surat’ is the fourth Guided Missile Destroyer of P15B class, while ‘Udaygiri’ is the second Stealth Frigate of P17A class. These will help in enhancing our nation’s maritime capability. The worships are one of the most technologically advanced missile carriers in the world.
  • Both warships are designed by the Directorate of Naval Design (DND) and built at Mazagon Docks Limited, Mumbai. 
  • The two warships represent before the whole world India’s strategic strength as well as the power of Atmanirbhar Bharat i.e our growing indigenous capability. 
  • The Indian Navy was also lauded for its exemplary role in keeping the Indo-Pacific region open, safe and secure. The Indo-Pacific region is not just important for India but also for the whole world economy. 
  • Indian Navy is moving ahead with The Prime Minister’s vision of Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR) which focusses on the spirit of friendship, openness, dialogue and co-existence with the neighbours. 
  • Indian Navy is also playing a crucial role in carrying forward the Government’s policies such as Act-East, along with strengthening relations with Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) countries.
  • India welcomes its public and the private sectors to make full use of the indigenous capabilities by taking advantage of the Government’s policies and contribute towards making India an shipbuilding hub. 
  • Indian Navy has given 76% Acceptance of Necessity (AON), and 66% cost-basis contracts to Indian vendors in 2014 and indigenisation of about 90% Naval ammunition has taken place. In addition, more than two-thirds of the Navy’s Modernisation Budget has been spent on indigenous procurement in the last five financial years. Of the 41 ships and submarines ordered by the Navy, 39 are from Indian shipyards. This is a testament to the Navy's commitment to achieving 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat

INS Surat: A Project 15B Destroyer

  • ‘INS Surat’ is the fourth ship of Project 15B Destroyers. The first one, INS Visakhapatnam joined the Indian Navy last year i.e. 2021 while the remaining two, INS Marmugao and INS Imphal, are undergoing trials.
  • The ship is built using the Block construction methodology which involved hull construction at two different geographical locations and then assembled together at MDL, Mumbai.
  • It is named after the commercial capital of the state of Gujarat, Surat.  
  • Surat has a rich ship-building history and vessels built in the city in the 16th and 18th centuries were known for their longevity over the centuries.

Project 15B

The Project 15B class of ships are the next-generation stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy, being built at the Mazagon Docks Limited (MDL), which are follow-on class of the weapon intensive P15A (Kolkata Class) Destroyers.

INS Udaygiri: A Project 17A Frigate

  • ‘Udaygiri’ is the reincarnation of erstwhile ‘Udaygiri’, the Leander Class ASW Frigate.
  • It is named after a mountain range in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is the third ship of Project 17A Frigates.

P17-A Frigates

  • P17A Frigates are warships that are follow-on class of the P17 (Shivalik Class) Frigates with improved stealth features, advanced weapons & sensors and platform management systems.
  • Under Project17A, a total of 07 frigates were to be built in the country. Of these, four were to be constructed at MDL, Mumbai, and the remaining three at Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE).
  • Various novel concepts and technologies like Integrated Construction, Mega Block Outsourcing, Project Data Management/ Project Lifecycle Management (PDM/PLM) etc have been adopted for the first time in indigenous Warship Design and Construction in this project.