Recently Data regarding infrastructural Gaps in Tribal Villages was shared by Minister of Tribal Affairs in response to a Parliamentary question raised in Lok Sabha.

What is a Tribal Village:

  • It is one where the Schedule Tribe population is more than 25 per cent.
  • There are approximately 1,45,000 tribal villages in the country.

Key Findings:

  • While there are 1,45,000 tribal villages in the country, the data was available for only 1,17,064 villages
  • A staggering 75 percent of tribal villages in India lack access to healthcare,
  • Around 51 per cent don’t have access to any Public Distribution System (PDS)
  • Around 52 per cent are not covered by piped water
  • Interestingly 66 percent of the villages have all weather roads, around 29 per cent of the villages do not have a mode of public transport. 
  • Of the 1, 09,888 electrified villages, 7,868 villages only have 1-4 hours of electricity availability.  
  • It showed that the budget allocation to the Tribal sub plan/Scheduled Tribe component of 41 ministries has increased from Rs 19,961 crore in 2014-15 to Rs 51,283 in 2019-20.
  • Earlier, 28 central ministries were obligated to earmark TSP / STC funds in 2010-11, which has increased to 41 ministries / departments in 2019-20.

About Tribal Sub Plan/ Scheduled Tribe Component:

  • The Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) aims to bridge the gap between the Schedule Tribes (STs) and the general population with respect to all socio-economic development indicators in a time-bound manner.  
  • TSP is not applicable to states where tribals represent more than 60% of the population. 
  • The benefits given to tribals and tribal areas of a State or UT from the TSP are in addition to what percolates from the overall Plan of a State/UT. 
  • The funds provided under the Tribal Sub Plan have to be at least in proportion to the ST population of each State/UT.
  • TSP Strategy was adopted in 5th Five Year Plan (1974-75)


  • States where the communities are in control over land and its resources, and exercise autonomy in governance at the village, district and/or state, especially the Northeastern states, level have the best human development indicators which shows political empowerment and autonomy are the key to better human well-being.
  • Correspondingly those states where tribal land and resource rights are not recognised or denied, and their livelihood resource base is appropriated by state and non-state actors see low well-being along with state collusion in violating protective laws and empowerment laws like Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act 1996, Forest Rights Act, 2006 etc.