Why is it in the news ?

Prime Minister dedicated to the nation the second Multi-Modal Terminal built at Sahibganj in Jharkhand on 12 September 2019.

  1. The terminal was constructed on the river Ganga under Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP).
  2. In 2018, the first Multi-Modal Terminal at Varanasi was dedicated to the nation.


Multimodal Transport System (MMTS)

  • It explores the use of multiple modes of transport for safe, convenient and efficient movement of passengers. 
  • Generally, MMTS has been characterized by increased capacity, efficient access and better location of both interchange and integration terminals.

Jal Marg Vikas Project

  1. The Jal Marg Vikas (National Waterway-1) project envisages developing a fairway with 3 meters depth between Allahabad to Haldia covering a distance of 1620 kms at an estimated cost of Rs. 4200 crore to be completed in six years. 
  2. For the implementation of the Jal Marg Vikas Project, technical assistance and investment support is being provided by the World Bank.
  3. Under this project, construction of three multimodal terminals, two intermodal terminals, one new navigational lock and works for fairway development, River Information System (RIS), vessel repair and maintenance facilities and RoRo terminals are envisaged to be completed. 
  4. The states that are being covered under the Project are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal.
  5. The Project is expected to be completed by March 2023.
  6. Inland Waterways Authority of India or IWAI managing the development and regulation of inland waterways for shipping and navigation is the project Implementing Agency for the project.


Benefits of the Multi-Modal Terminal 

  1. It will open up industries in Jharkhand and Bihar to the global market.
  2. It will provide Indo-Nepal cargo connectivity through waterways route. 
  3. It will play an important role in the transportation of domestic coal from the local mines in the Rajmahal area to various thermal power plants located along NW-1. 
  4. Other than coal, stone chips, fertilizers, cement, and sugar are other commodities expected to be transported through the terminal.
  5. It will also help to create direct employment of about 600 people and indirect employment of about 3000 people in the region.
  6. The convergence of Road-Rail-River Transport at Sahibganj through the new multi-modal terminal will connect this part of the hinterland to Kolkata, Haldia and further to the Bay of Bengal. 
  7. Also, Sahibganj will get connected to the North-East States through Bangladesh by the river-sea route.