Context: India has recently appointed diplomat T S Tirumurti, currently serving as Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs, as its Permanent Representative to the United Nations.
About Permanent Missions to the United Nations
- It is the diplomatic mission that every member state deputes to the United Nations.
- These diplomatic missions are headed by a Permanent Representative, who is also referred to as the “UN ambassador”.
- According to Article 1 (7) of the Vienna Convention:
- The Permanent Mission is a mission of permanent character, representing the State, sent by a State member of an international organization to the Organization.
- According to The UN General Assembly resolution 257(III) of 3 December 1948 :
- The presence of such permanent missions serves to assist in the realization of the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
- It also helps to keep the necessary liaison between the Member States and the Secretariat in periods between sessions of the different organs of the United Nation.
- Details about UN Permanent Representatives:
- They are assigned to the UN headquarters in New York City.
- They can also be appointed to other UN offices in Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi.
India’s Permanent Mission at the UN
- Current position:
- There are currently eight Indians in senior leadership positions at the United Nations at the levels of Under Secretary General and Assistant Secretary General.
- Historical aspects:
- The first Indian delegates at the United Nations included statesman Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar, and freedom fighters Hansa Mehta, Vijayalakshmi Pandit, and Lakshmi Menon.
- Hansa Mehta and Vijayalakshmi Pandit were among the 15 women members of the Indian Constituent Assembly.
- India was among the select members of the United Nations that signed the United Nations Declaration at Washington on January 1, 1942.
- India had also participated in the historic UN Conference of International Organization at San Francisco from April 25 to June 26, 1945.
- About the architecture:
- The Permanent Mission of India in New York is housed in a 27-story red granite-clad building, with the main tower in shimmering redwood-colored metal panels and blue windows.
Late M.F. Husain's paintings add to the charm of the structure.