India and World India’s history of participation in UN peacekeeping operations is a long one. India’s contribution has been described as excellent by many political observers. In the UN, India’s contribution has been acknowledged by members of the international communities.
Peacekeeping stands for prevention, containment and termination of hostilities between or within states through the non-offensive activities of multinational forces of soldiers, police and civilian people sent unto the authority of the United Nations with the consent of the countries concerned.
Peacekeeping nations changed in its scope and nature according to the needs of a conflict situation. India has taken part in 35 of UN peacekeeping operations in four continents. Its most significant contribution has been to peace and stability in Africa and Asia.
Presently India is ranked as the largest troop contributor to UN. The saga of India’s role in UN peacekeeping began with the establishment of the United Nation’s Emergency Force (UNEF) in the Gaza Strip and the Sinai in 1956 after Israeli war against Egypt ended. The Congo in Africa benefitted significantly from troop presence. India’s contributed to keeping unity and integrity of that history in the 1960s.
After the end of the cold war, India’s contribution to UN peacekeeping remains significant equally, if not more, military personal at the request of the United Nations Secretary-General to Angola, Cambodia, Somalia, El Salvador and Sierra Leone etc. Many of these countries were victims of chaos caused by civil wars. No government machinery collapsed or was discredited. India sent not just troops, but police, doctors, engineers and administrators