Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP)

  • Prithvi Missiles – Short range surface-to-surface missile + Naval variant (Dhanush)
  • Trishul Missiles – Short range low-level surface-to-air missile
  • Akash Missiles  Medium range surface-to-air missile
  • Agni Missiles – Agni 1,2,34 and 5
  • Nag Missiles – Third-generation anti-tank missile

Brahmos Missiles

  • It can be launched from:
    àunder-water (submarines) 
    àaircraft or
    à land (Cruise Missiles)
  • It is the World’s  fastest cruise missile in operation (Brahmos)
  • Brahmos – Mach 2.8 Supersonic Cruise Missile developed in collaboration with Russia – 300 km
  • Brahmos 11– Mach 7 Hypersonic Cruise Missile in development collaboration with Russia

Akash Air Defence missile system 

  • Medium range Surface to air missile approx. 35 km
  • Can engage multiple air targets while operating in fully autonomous mode
  • Can carry conventional and nuclear warheads
  • Can be launched from static or mobile platforms
  • Can operate in all weather conditions.
  • Developed under the integrated guided-missile development programme by Indian Space Research Organisation.


  • 1st long range subsonic cruise missile
  • It Can be launched from land, sea and air(Cruise missile)
  • Special Feature: A ring laser gyroscope for high-accuracy navigation and a radio altimeter for the height determination
  • Strike range – 1000 km.

Nag Missile

  • It is a “Fire-and-forget” anti-tank missile
  • Can be mounted on an infantry vehicle
  • It is an all-weather missile with a range of 3 to 7 kms.
  • Uses Imaging Infra-Red (IIR) guidance with day and night capability

Surface to Air Missiles (Short Range)

Name Feature Range
Akash surface-to-air 30 km
Trishul surface-to-air 12 km
Maitri surface-to-air 15 km


Surface to Surface

Submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM)

Name Range (Km)
Dhanush 350
Sagarika (K15) 700
K4 3500
K5 6000

Ballistic Missiles  are generally launched from land or sea

  • Generally carry a nuclear warhead and are very heavy & have much larger range
  • Only guided during relatively brief periods of flight, and most of its trajectory is unpowered and governed by gravity (and air resistance if in the atmosphere
  • Long range intercontinental ballistic missiles are launched at a steep,sub-orbital flight trajectory and spend most of their flight out of the atmosphere
  • Shorter range ballistic missiles stay within theEarth’s atmosphere
  • Examples include Agni Missiles, Prithvi Missiles, Akash, Trishul, Maitri, Dhanush, Sagarika, K4, K5

Cruise missiles

  • Can be launched from air, land and sea
  • Powered by their own engines and wings to strike the target
  • Speed: Sub-sonic (.8 mach), supersonic (3 mach) or hypersonic (5 mach)
  • Precision: Highly accurate & fly within Earth’s atmosphere
  • Weapons: Generally, carry conventional warheads although some cruise missiles can also be equipped with nuclear warheads
  • Examples: Brahmos, Nirbhaya

In both Ballistic missiles and Cruise missiles, flight path is pre-determined and very small maneuverings during the flight are possible.