In news: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has released its first-ever survey to estimate the population and geographical range of the snow leopard, at the fourth steering committee meeting of the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Program (GSLEP).

  • It is the first time that the use of technology such as camera traps and scientific surveys has been put to use to estimate the numbers. 

About Snow Leopard

  • Geographical range of the species:
    • The snow leopard is found in 12 countries — India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Mongolia, Russia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    • The snow leopard is found along the upper reaches of the Himalayan range and, in India, it is found in Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Conservation status:
    • IUCN: Vulnerable
    • WPA,1972: Schedule I
    • CITES: Appendix I

Conservation programs for Snow Leopard

  • Snow Leopard Population Assessment (SLPAI) is an assessment report prepared by multi-national organization namely- Nature Conservation Foundation, GSLEP technical committee, Global Tiger Initiative council, World Wide Fund for Nature, World Bank, Global Tiger Forum, and Wildlife Conservation Trust.
  • Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Program (GSLEP) seeks to address high-mountain development issues using the conservation of the charismatic and endangered snow leopard as a flagship.