Context: The 14 Tiger Reserves in India has received the accreditation of the Global Conservation Assured|Tiger Standards (CA|TS).
Key highlights of the event on the occasion of Global Tiger Day (29th July):
- The approach of the Government of India for Tiger Conservation has been an inclusive one;
- Integrating scientific & traditional knowledge along with people’s participation which is vital for the conservation of Flora and Fauna of the country.
- The Environment Minister also released the report ‘Status of Leopards, Co-predators and Megaherbivores-2018’ stating that:
- The report is a testimony to the fact that conservation of tigers leads to the conservation of the entire ecosystem.
- During all India tiger estimation 2018, leopard population was also estimated within the forested habitats in tiger occupied states of the country.
- The overall leopard population in the tiger range landscape of India in 2018 was estimated at 12,852 (SE range 12,172 - 13,535).
- This is a significant increase from the 2014 figure that was 7,910 (SE 6,566-9,181) in forested habitats of 18 tiger bearing states of the country.
- The 14 Tiger Reserves in India which received the accreditation of the Global Conservation Assured|Tiger Standards (CA|TS).
- The 14 tiger reserves which have been accredited are:
- Manas, Kaziranga and Orang in Assam,
- Satpura, Kanha and Panna in Madhya Pradesh,
- Pench in Maharashtra,
- Valmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar,
- Dudhwa in Uttar Pradesh,
- Sunderbans in West Bengal,
- Parambikulam in Kerala,
- Bandipur Tiger Reserve of Karnataka and
- Mudumalai and Anamalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu.
- National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) felicitated some of the forest frontline workers as ‘BaghRakshaks’.
- To recognize their outstanding contribution towards the protection of tigers and forests.
- The event also saw the release of a special edition of National Tiger Conservation Authority’s (NTCA) quarterly newsletter ‘STRIPES’.
About the Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS):
- It has been agreed upon as an accreditation tool by the global coalition of Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) and has been developed by tiger and protected area experts.
- Officially launched in 2013.
- It sets minimum standards for effective management of target species and encourages assessment of these standards in relevant conservation areas.
- CA|TS is a set of criteria which allows tiger sites to check if their management will lead to successful tiger conservation.
- The Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) survey is the first and largest rapid assessment of site-based tiger conservation across Asia.
- The first species-specific CA standards are for the tiger (Panthera tigris).
- Developed by WWF and partners, the Global Tiger Forum (GTF) has endorsed CA|TS and has requested member countries to establish National Review Committees for purpose of initiating CA|TS.
- Nepal is the first TRC to implement the process; Bhutan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and India are following Nepal’s lead.
- It is an important tool in the achievement of the CBD’s Global Aichi Targets.
- It is based on a set of seven pillars with 17 minimum standards and associated criteria for effective management.
- CA|TS addresses multiple factors which impact conservation management, including:
- Support for resident human populations (including their social, cultural, spiritual and economic needs),
- Enhancing overall biodiversity richness,
- Prey-base and habitat cover, and
- Also considers the legal context of an area in terms of content, application and capacity of those on the ground to enforce those laws.
About the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA):
- It is a statutory body constituted under the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006.
- It was recommended by the Tiger Task Force.
- It is responsible for all the measures and actions taken under the project tiger for the conservation of the tiger.
- Minister for Environment and Forests is its chairperson and Minister of State for Environment and Forests is the vice-chairperson.
- The NTCA or Project Tiger also conducts the country level assessment of the status of tiger, co-predators, prey and habitat once every four years.
- It is done using the refined methodology, as approved by the Tiger Task Force.