indian-satellites-part-of-brics-virtual-constellation

Context

  • Indian satellites will be part of BRICS virtual constellation of remote sensing satellites.

Highlights

  • The two Indian satellites, Resourcesat 2 and Resourcesat 2A, will be part of the BRICS virtual constellation of remote sensing satellites. 
  • These will be part of the BRICS Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation Agreement, chaired by India on August 2021. 
  • This was decided on May 26, 2022 at a virtual conference of space agencies in Brazil, Russia, China, India and South Africa chaired by China. 
  • They have decided to establish a joint committee on space cooperation under the BRICS Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation Agreement signed under the chairmanship of India
  • The Commission will strengthen cooperation on satellite constellations to provide better services to the economic and social development of member countries.  
  • The space agencies of  member states can work together to exchange data efficiently and address issues such as environmental protection, disaster risk reduction and mitigation, and the fight against climate change.  
  • Other satellites in the constellation are Gaofen-6 and Ziyuan III 02, both developed by China, CBERS-4, jointly developed by Brazil and China, and the Kanopus-V type developed by Russia.

BRICS Constellation Agreement consists of the following space agencies-

  • Brazil Space Agency: Brazilian Space Agency (Agência Espacial Brasileira)
  • Russian Space Agency: ROSCOSMOS
  • Indian Space Agency: Indian Space Research Organistion (ISRO)
  • Chinese Space Agency: China National Space Administration (CNSA)
  • South African Space Agency:  South African National Space Agency (SANSA) 

About BRICS

  • BRICS is an informal group of states comprising the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa.
  • It was the Russian side that initiated the creation of BRICS.
  • On 20 September 2006, the first BRICS Ministerial Meeting was held at the proposal of Russian President Vladimir Putin on the margins of a UN General Assembly Session in New York.
  • The growing economic might of BRICS countries, their significance as one of the main driving forces of global economic development, their substantial population and abundant natural resources form the foundation of their influence on the international scene.
  • In 2013, BRICS accounted for about 27 percent of the global GDP (in terms of the purchasing power parity of their national currencies). The total BRICS population is 2.88 billion (42 percent of the entire global population), and the five countries cover 26 percent of the planet’s land.
  • BRICS countries are influential members of leading international organisations and agencies, including the UN, the G20, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Group of 77.
  • Relations between BRICS partners are built on the UN Charter, generally recognised principles and norms of international law and the following principles, which were agreed by member countries at their 2011 Summit: openness, pragmatism, solidarity, non-bloc nature and neutrality with regard to third parties.
  • BRICS work is based on action plans approved during annual summits since 2010.