Context: India will be delivering a kilo-class submarine, INS Sindhuvir, to the Myanmar Navy. This will be Myanmar’s first submarine.


  • This diesel-electric Kilo Class submarine is being given through the Line of Credit (LOC), India has extended to help in enhancing the military capability of Myanmar.
  • This submarine which has the capability of staying underwater for almost 45 days will be used for training purposes by the Myanmar Navy.
  • The sailors of the Myanmar Navy have been trained in underwater combat operations onboard INS Sindhuvir with the help of Indian Navy.

INS Sindhuvir

  • This is a Russian refitted submarine and is known for its noiseless operational capability. 
  • It had joined the Indian Navy in the 1980s and has been modernized since then by the Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) in Vizag.
  • It has a displacement of 3,000 tonnes and has the capacity to carry 52 personnel. 
  • It can go to a depth of around 300 meters.
  • Most importantly, permission has been taken from Russia before delivering the sub and an end-user agreement is in place.

India-Myanmar: Growing Military Relations

  • As part of an export deal worth USD 37.9 million between the countries which was inked in 2017, India last year delivered the first batch of Advanced Light Torpedo (TAL) `Shyena’ to Yangon.
    • It is a lightweight anti-submarine torpedo and has been developed and designed Naval Science and Technological Laboratory of DRDO.
  • India has also supplied the Myanmar Navy with naval sonars and acoustic drones.
  • In 2013, Indian Navy had started CORPAT with Myanmar and also carries out with four other regional navies including Thailand, Indonesia and Bangladesh.


  • Naval diplomacy: The steps are in line with India’s SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region) initiative and its commitment to building capacities in the neighbourhood.
  • Cooperation in the maritime domain is a part of India’s diverse and enhanced engagement with Myanmar.
  • It is also in consonance with our Look East & Act East policy wherein we are supporting our littorals in enhancing their capabilities and building their capabilities in the backdrop of an expansionist neighbour who is aiming to be a global power.

Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR)

  • SAGAR was enunciated by India in 2015.
  • It is a maritime initiative for nurturing peace, stability  in Indian Ocean region in line with India's foreign policy.
  • Its objective is to seek a climate of trust and transparency, respect for international maritime rules and norms by all countries, sensitivity to each other’s interests, peaceful resolution of maritime issues and increase in maritime cooperation.

Image source: ToI