In News:

  • The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRT&H), Government of India, recently published a draft standard car assessment programme - Bharat New Car Assessment Programmes (Bharat-NCAP).
  • Under Bharat NCAP, which is proposed to be rolled out from next April, automobiles in India shall be accorded 'Safety Star Ratings' based on their performance in Bharat-NCAP crash tests. 

About Bharat NCAP:

  • It is proposed in the Draft General Statutory Rules (GSR) Notification of the MoRT&H.
  • The proposed assessment will allocate Safety Star Ratings from 1 to 5 stars.
  • It will be a voluntary programme.
  • The cost of a new car for the purpose of assessment shall be borne by the respective vehicle manufacturer or importer.
  • It will be rolled out from April 1, 2023.


  • While India has mandatory crash test norms for cars, the Bharat NCAP rating will be of higher standard and will be aligned with global crash-test (Global-NCAP) protocols.
  • Unlike in other countries where the NCAP are carried out by non-government entities, there will be a Bharat NCAP Authority in India.
  • The website will host the safety ratings of all cars on the public domain.
  • These safety ratings will be based on three vehicle features - 
  • Adult Occupant Protection (AOP), 
  • Child Occupant Protection (COP) and 
  • Safety Assist Technologies (SAT).
  • Need:
  • In India, a total number of 3,66,138 road accidents have been reported in 2020, claiming 1,31,714 lives and causing injuries to 3,48,279 persons.


  • It will help car buyers to make decisions wisely before purchasing a car and giving a boost to safety in India.
  • This will promote a healthy competition among original equipment manufacturers in India to manufacture safer vehicles. 

Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP):

  • It is a major project of the Towards Zero Foundation, a charity body registered in United Kingdom.
  • It serves as a platform for cooperation among new car assessment programmes worldwide.
  • It promotes the universal adoption of the United Nations (UN) motor vehicle safety standards worldwide.
  • Global NCAP has adopted a Road Map for Safer Vehicles 2020 which provides a recommended timetable for UN Member States to apply the most important UN vehicle safety regulations.