Context:, India and Pakistan said they have agreed to a “strict observance of all agreements, understandings and cease firing along the Line of Control (LoC) and all other sectors”.

  • The decision was announced after discussions between the Director Generals of Military Operations (DGsMO) over the established hotline. 
  • It is the first joint statement issued by the two sides in years.

2003 ceasefire agreement

  • A ceasefire has been in force since 2003 between India and Pakistan. 
  • In 2003, this agreement was reached between Prime Minister Vajpayee and the then President of Pakistan, Musharraf, but it has been violated by Pakistan.

Line of Control

  • There was no LoC before 1972 Shimla Agreement was signed between India and Pakistan. 
  • It was the 1971 war between India and Pakistan over the question of Bangladesh that turned the ceasefire line into the Line of Control (LoC), as it is known today. 
  • The Line of Control, thus drawn, gave Pakistan control over Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, which Pakistan has since declared the Northern Areas and rules directly. 
  • Rest of Jammu and Kashmir minus Aksai Chin is situated on the Indian side of Line of Control.
  • The existing Line of Control runs from Manawar in Jammu to Indira Col on the tri-junction in Karakoram mountain range. 
  • The Indian and Pakistani troops have to maintain a no-man's land of 500 yards on each side of the Line of Control.


Image source: India Today