india-joins-global-partnership-on-artificial-intelligence-gpai-summary

Context: India recently joined the league of leading economies to launch the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI or Gee-Pay). 

About GPAI:

  • GPAI is an international and multi-stakeholder initiative including USA, UK, EU, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Singapore.
  • GPAI will be supported by a Secretariat, to be hosted by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris, as well as by two Centers of Expertise- one each in Montreal and Paris.
  • It guides the responsible development and use of AI, grounded in human rights, inclusion, diversity, innovation, and economic growth. 
  • This is also a first initiative of its type for evolving better understanding of the challenges and opportunities around AI using the experience and diversity of participating countries. 

Significance:

  1. In order to achieve this goal, the initiative will look to bridge the gap between theory and practice on AI by supporting cutting-edge research and applied activities on AI-related priorities.
  2. In collaboration with partners and international organizations, GPAI will bring together leading experts from industry, civil society, governments, and academia to collaborate to promote responsible evolution of AI and will also evolve methodologies to show how 
  3. AI can be leveraged to better respond to the present global crisis around COVID-19.

India and AI:

  • It is pertinent to note that India has recently launched National AI Strategy and National AI Portal .
  • It has also started leveraging AI across various sectors such as education, agriculture, healthcare, e-commerce, finance, telecommunications, etc. with inclusion and empowerment of human beings 
  • By joining GPAI as a founding member, India will actively participate in the global development of Artificial Intelligence, leveraging its experience around use of digital technologies for inclusive growth.

National Artificial Intelligence Portal

  • The portal has been jointly developed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM).
  • The portal will work as a one stop digital platform for sharing of resources such as articles, startups, investment funds in AI, resources, companies and educational institutions related to AI in India. 
  • It will also share documents, case studies, research reports etc, and has a section about learning and new job roles related to AI.

 

Artificial Intelligence

  • Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. 
  • The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving.

Importance for India: 

  • India must be a leading country in the development of Artificial Intelligence in the world, leveraging its vast Internet savvy population and data it is creating. 
  • With a thriving startup ecosystem, a young population and multinational tech companies, AI can be India’s black gold.
  • India’s AI approach should be of inclusion and empowerment of human beings by supplementing growth and development rather than making human beings less relevant.

Beginning of India’s AI journey

  • Artificial intelligence, as a concept and a field of research, was born out of a workshop at Dartmouth College in 1956.
  • The idea of AI came to Indian shores first with works of Professor H.N. Mahabala in the 60s, and later with the creation of UNDP backed Knowledge-Based Computing Systems (KBCS) in 1986. 
  • But it was the US that pioneered and innovated in the field of AI. 

Potential Impact of AI on India

  • The future impact of AI on Indian will be far-reaching as it is expected to double the annual economic growth rate  by 2030.
  • The AI has the potential  essentially to raise India’s annual growth rate by 1.3 percentage points, or 15 percent of current Indian GDP.

Optimism and skepticism about the AI-future:

  • The expected decline of many of the current job roles and the creation of new ones will be a significant challenge for young Indians. 
  • Despite the widespread consensus of AI stealing jobs, industry leaders point that ultimately it would lead to a net increase in the number of jobs available.
  •  These new jobs will be of different types, just like different types of jobs that emerged after the first industrial revolution.
  • Additionally, a widening gap might unfold at the level of individual workers. Demand for jobs will shift away from repetitive tasks towards those that require creativity, empathy, and other social skills along with digital abilities. 
  • Job profiles characterised by repetitive activities or that require a low level of digital skills could experience the most significant decline as a share of total employment to around 30 per cent by 2030, from the current roughly 40 per cent.

AI readiness:

  • According to McKinsey’s research, countries fall into four groups in terms of AI readiness. 
  • Currently, India is in the third group, which is described as economies which have a moderate ability to capture economic benefits from AI. 
  • However, the benefits can be maximised, and losses can be minimised by putting necessary infrastructure and policy in place.

India’s AI journey so far has been optimistic despite challenges it faces as an emerging economy. It is nothing short of exciting to see what the country has achieved with AI so far despite the limited resources. 

The key to unlocking that potential lies in preparing its students, workforce, policymakers, and entrepreneurs to overcome the challenges and to leverage the opportunities AI brings.

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1631676