According to the International Migrant Stock 2019, released by the UN DESA's Population Division, India has emerged as the leading country of origin for immigrants across the globe, with 17.5 million international migrants in 2019 coming from India, up from 15.9 million in 2015.
International Migrant Stock ● The United Nations Population Division (UNPD) International Migrant Stock data provide an overview of the global stock of international migrants, including refugees, and allow for the comparison of countries and world regions. ● The International Migrant Stock data provide the stock of international migrants in each country across time using intervals of five years. ● The main sources of information are the population census of individual countries (about 70% of the cases).
What more does International Migrant Stock 2019 say - immigrants across the globe
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) ● It is part of the United Nations Secretariat. ● It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group. ● It is based at UN Headquarters in New York. ● It is responsible for the follow-up to major United Nations Summits and Conferences, as well as services to the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the Second and Third Committees of the United Nations General Assembly. ● UN DESA's mission is to promote sustainable development for all, focusing on the most vulnerable. ● This reflects a fundamental concern for equity and equality in countries large and small, developed and developing. ● UN DESA assists countries around the world in agenda-setting and decision-making with the goal of meeting their economic, social and environmental challenges.
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- The number of international migrants in the world had reached an estimated 272 million 2019 which is 51 million more than in 2010.
- The percentage of international migrants of the total global population has increased to 3.5% from 2.8% in 2000.
- While India remained as the top source of international migrants, the number of migrants living in India saw a slight decline from 5.24 million in 2015 to an estimated 5.15 million in 2019 – both 0.4% of the total population of the country.
- Bangladesh was the leading country of origin for migrants in India.
- About one-third of all international migrants originated from just 10 countries.
- After India, Mexico ranked second as the country of origin for 12 million migrants, followed by China (11 million), Russia (10 million) and Syria (8 million).
- The European region hosted the highest number of immigrants at 82 million in 2019, followed by North America (59 million) and Northern Africa and Western Asia (49 million).
- Among countries, the U.S. hosts the highest number of international migrants (51 million), about 19% of the global population.
- Around two-fifths of all international migrants had gone from one developing country to another.
- Forced displacements continue to rise, with the number of refugees and asylum seekers increased by about 13 million from 2010 to 2017.