In News:

  • NITI Aayog with Institute for Competitiveness as the knowledge partner released the India Innovation Index (III) 2019.

Key findings of the Index: India Innovation Index 2019 launched by Niti Aayog

  • Karnataka is the most innovative major state in India. Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Telangana, Haryana, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh form the remaining top ten major states respectively. 
  • Sikkim and Delhi take the top spots among the northeastern & hill states, and union territories/city-states/small states respectively.
  • Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh are the most efficient states in translating inputs into output.

The objective of the Index:

  • The aim is to create a holistic tool that can be used by policymakers across the country to identify the challenges to be addressed and strengths to build on when designing the economic growth policies for their regions.

About the Index :

  • The study is an outcome of extensive research and analysis, which looks holistically at the innovation landscape of India by examining the innovation capabilities and performance of Indian states and union territories. 
  • India Innovation Index 2019 is based on the World Economic Forum’s GII (Global Innovation Index).
  • The index has been jointly developed by NITI Aayog, DIPP and CII in consultation with World Economic Forum (WEF), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Cornell University, UNIDO, ILO, OECD, UNESCO, ITU, etc.
  • The index attempts to create an extensive framework for the continual evaluation of the innovation environment of 29 states and seven union territories in India and intends to perform the following three functions- 
  1. ranking of states and UTs based on their index scores, 
  2. recognizing opportunities and challenges, and
  3. assisting in tailoring governmental policies to foster innovation.
  • The India Innovation Index 2019 is calculated as the average of the scores of its two dimensions - Enablers and Performance. The Enablers are the factors that underpin innovative capacities, grouped into five pillars: 
  1. Human Capital,
  2.  Investment, 
  3. Knowledge Workers, 
  4. Business Environment, and 
  5. Safety and Legal Environment. 

The Performance dimension captures benefits that a nation derives from the inputs, divided into two pillars:                1)Knowledge Output and                2)Knowledge Diffusion.

  • The states have been bifurcated into three categories: major states, north-east, and hill states, and union territories/city-states/small states. 

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