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News: After cyclone Fani, another cyclone is developing near India which will affect the monsoon.
Cyclone Vayu – is still to develop into a cyclone and is only a deep depression as of now – is currently positioned near Aminidivi island in Lakshadweep and southwest of Mumbai, and is slated to reach the Gujarat coast in two to three days.

What is the concern?

  • Vayu is less severe than Fani but is likely to halt the northward progression of the monsoon for a few days.
  • This is a cause for concern as the arrival of the monsoon has already been delayed in Kerala.

How will Vayu affect the monsoons?

  • The cyclone is expected to interfere with normal progression, by sucking all the moisture from the monsoon winds towards itself.
  • Cyclones are sustained by very strong low-pressure areas at their core.
  • Winds in surrounding areas are forced to rush towards these low-pressure areas.
  • Similar low-pressure areas, when they develop near or over land, are instrumental in pulling the monsoon winds over the country as well.
  • But right now, the low-pressure area at the center of the cyclone is far more powerful than any local system that can pull the monsoon winds moving northeast.
  • What this means is that the places where the monsoon has already reached would continue to get rain, mainly along the western coastline, but other areas would have to wait a little longer.
  • Though the monsoon would reach the Gujarat coast, it is likely to dissipate very fast after that because the land and atmosphere in the area were devoid of any moisture that can sustain it any further. Arabian Sea cyclones
    • Most of the cyclones form in the Bay of Bengal.
    • In the last 120 years for which records are available, just about 14% of all cyclonic storms, and 23% of severe cyclones, around India have occurred in the Arabian Sea.
    • Arabian Sea cyclones are also relatively weak compared to those emerging in the Bay of Bengal.
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