Q.4)“The Special Marriage Act, 1954 (SMA) was enacted to address Inter-religious marriages and to establish marriage as a secular institution bereft of all religious formalities”. In this context critically examine the recent anti conversion laws enacted by several states.

Why this Question:

Anti-conversion laws have been in the news in recent times.

Key demand of the Question:

Analysis of the anti- conversion laws and the impact it has on the fundamental rights of individuals.


Critically examine- Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. Try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues identified are most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.


Briefly introduce the SMA, 1954 and its aim.


In the first part, explain what the anti-conversion laws enacted by some states intend to do and why are the state governments passing the law.

In the next part, highlight the impact that such laws would have on the secular fabric of the country. Explain the correlation with the infringement of fundamental rights.


Conclude with a way forward.