Q.1)The Coastal Regulatory Zone rules help in protecting ecologically sensitive areas around the coastline. Discuss the importance of coastal ecology for India.
Why this question:
Coastal areas are an important topic of GS Paper III.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the importance of coastal ecology, the threats they are facing and give measures to preserve them.
Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.
Give a brief introduction about the coastal areas in India.
In the first part, categorically mention the importance of coastal ecology w.r.t. mangrove ecosystem, coral reefs, flora, fauna, and their economic as well as environmental significance
In the next part, mention threats that the coastal ecology has been facing- climate change, rise in sea level, deforestation, increase in construction activities, pollution, etc. also mention how coastal regulation zone rules play an important role in preserving the coastal ecology.
Conclude with a way forward.