Q.3)“Right to Internet” has been declared as a fundamental right by the Supreme Court. Critically examine how the “right to internet” can cause internal security challenges for India.

Why this question:

Recently, the government has restored the 4G internet services in J&K.

Key demand of the question:

Issues that can be caused through and by the internet that would be detrimental to India’s internal security and suggest measures to overcome them without infringing the right to internet.


Critically examine- Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. Try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues identified are most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.


Introduce by giving the SC judgement that right to internet is a fundamental right under Freedom of Speech and Expression.


In the first part, highlight the challenges that come along with free flow of the internet- fake news, fake propaganda, hate speech, frauds, etc.

In the next part, briefly mention the benefits that the internet has and how completely shutting it would be detrimental for India’s growth and mention measures that the government can take to overcome these challenges.


Conclude by mentioning that all fundamental rights are subject to certain restrictions and it is the duty of the government to find a perfect balance between the rights and the restrictions to ensure peace and harmony in the society.