Q.5)Oil spills have deleterious impacts for the biotic and abiotic components of the ecosystem. Discuss and suggest measures to mitigate the impacts.

Why this question:

Recently, furnace oil from a titanium factory spilled into the sea in Kerala.

Key demand of the question:

Impacts of oil spills and measures to mitigate it.


Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.


Introduce by defining oil spills.


In the first part, write about the impact oil spills have on biotic components- humans, plants, animals; and abiotic components- seas, oceans.

In the next part, highlight the measures that should be adopted to mitigate the impact of oil spills and also to reduce such incidents. Mention a few laws by the government dealing with it.


Conclude with why preventing oil spills is necessary for sustainable development.