Q.3)India is blessed with an immense amount of hydro-electric potential. In this context, critically evaluate the development of hydropower projects in India. 

Why this question:

Recently the glacial burst in Uttarakhand has washed away crucial hydropower projects.

Key demand of the question:

Advantages and disadvantages associated with development of hydropower projects


Critically evaluate - Give your verdict as to what extent a statement or findings within a piece of research are true, or to what extent you agree with them. Provide evidence taken from a wide range of sources which both agree with and contradict an argument. Come to a final conclusion, basing your decision on what you judge to be the most important factors and justify how you have made your choice.


Briefly describe the hydropower potential that India has and the uses it can be put to- specifically hydropower projects. Give some examples.


In the first part, highlight the advantages of hydropower projects- renewable sources of power, can reduce dependence of conventional sources, etc.

In the next part, mention the challenges associated with the hydropower projects like the rehabilitation of people in an area, large financing costs involved, development in ecologically fragile areas, etc.


Conclude with a way forward.