Q.8)Discuss the key features of the recent Farm Laws (2019). How can the government strengthen these laws with better consensus building among various stakeholders?

Why this question:

Continuous protests by the farmers against the laws and the failure of the government to reach a consensus.

Key demand of the question:

Analysis of the farm laws.


Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.


Mention about the farm laws and what it contains- the 3 laws that are a part of it:

  1. Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020
  2. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 and
  3. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020.


In the first part mention about the key provisions of the three laws and what they deal with.

In the next part mention the advantages of the laws and why they were necessary. Also mention the issues associated with the laws and why the farmers are protesting. 

Next, mention that farmers are a key stakeholder in the farm laws and their interests should be the priority of the government.


Conclude by providing measures that the government can take to safeguard farmers’ interests and also reduce such controversies in the future.