Q.7) With the addition of the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) to the EVM, “auditability” was added to the process of elections. Critically examine.

Why this question:

Recently, India celebrated the National Voters Day on 25th January.

Key demand of the Question: 

Benefits of the addition of VVPAT to the EVM in context of free and fair elections.


Critically examine- Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. Try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues identified are most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.


Mention what is VVPAT and how it is used.


In the first part, mention the mechanism of VVPAT and its significance especially w.r.t. “Auditability” of elections, verifiability of vote, transparency. Also, mention why this was adopted by the ECI.

In the next part, mention the issues associated with VVPAT w.r.t. confidentiality of the vote. 


Conclude with how a free and fair election is an essential aspect of democracy and how VVPAT promotes it.